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Elevators and its Usages!

An elevator is a platform, either open or enclosed, used for moving people or freight vertically, from one floor to another within a building. Elevators are a standard part of any tall commercial or residential building. These days elevators are often a legal requirement in new buildings with multiple floors. All elevators are required to have communication connection to an outside 24 hour emergency service, automatic recall capability in a fire emergency, and special access for fire fighters use in a fire.

Uses of elevators

  1. Passenger Elevators are designed to move people between different floors of a building, their capacity being related to available floor space.
  2. Passenger elevators may be specialized for the service they perform, including: Hospital emergency (Code blue), front and rear entrances, double Decker, and other uses.
  3. Express elevators are designed to move people from ground floor to a sky lobby skipping several floors in between at a high speed.
  4. Wheelchair, or platform lifts, a specialized type of elevator designed to move a wheelchair 6 ft (1.8 m) or less, often can accommodate just one person in a wheelchair at a time with a maximum load of 1000 lb (455 kg).
  5. Freight Elevators are meant to carry heavy loads generally 2300 to 4500 kg. They usually don't comply with fire service requirements and carrying passengers is generally prohibited unless specified.
  6. On aircraft carriers, elevators carry aircraft between the flight deck and the hangar deck for operations or repairs. These elevators are designed for much greater capacity than any other elevator.
  7. A small freight elevator is often called a dumbwaiter, often used for the moving of small items such as dishes in a 2-story kitchen or books in a multi-story rack assembly. Passengers are never permitted on dumbwaiters.
  8. A special type of elevator is the paternoster, a constantly moving chain of boxes, generally used in industrial plants.
  9. Grain Elevators are used to elevate grain for storage in large vertical silos

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